Can AI take away teaching jobs
Helpers or job killers: do robots take our jobs away from us?
With the advancing development of Industry 4.0 and artificial intelligence, concerns arise again and again that robots could take our jobs away sooner or later. Not without reason, because robots are becoming more and more intelligent and powerful. They are masters of what they do in their fields and far surpass us in their efficiency. So do we all have to worry about our jobs?
Man vs. machine - who is superior to whom?
Machines can capture and process large amounts of data much more accurately, more thoroughly and faster than humans. In addition, their memory is vastly superior to that of humans. They neither make careless mistakes nor forget tasks or steps. They are also far ahead of humans in terms of strength. Robots optimized for this are able to lift or transport large loads without getting tired. A machine doesn't get sick, doesn't take breaks and doesn't need a vacation. It stands still only once for maintenance or a software update.
But the human being is the one who has control over the machine. In the end, robots only do what we tell them to do. Wherever complex situations, changes or unforeseen events have to be dealt with, robots reach their limits. Nobody would let a robot decide which new markets to open up or which new employees to hire. These considerations are so complex that only humans can apply them. Nevertheless, a robot can support the decision-making process through data analysis or the like. Many of human abilities cannot be replaced by machines, such as creativity, spontaneity, the courage to make extraordinary decisions or approaches. Robots can provide standardized auxiliary services, but no longer.
Which jobs are really at risk from robots?
A much-cited study from Oxford from 2013 examined 702 professions in the USA to see whether they could be taken over by robots. However, the experts were fairly certain of the verdict for only 70 professions. In order to be able to assess the other professions as well, they examined how much creativity, routine activities, manual dexterity and social competence are required in the respective profession. In doing so, they set up a risk ranking. According to this study, for example, physiotherapists, social workers, operations managers of disaster teams or foremen cannot be replaced by robots. All jobs that only require simple manual labor and / or physical strength are at risk.
End the power struggle
If you look at the topic from a different point of view, the question no longer arises of who is going to beat whom. Robots were invented by humans to give them a helping hand and that is exactly what they can do perfectly in their field. Many processes can be automated using special robot software, which saves a lot of time and money. The aim is not to banish human labor, but to use this valuable resource more efficiently elsewhere. If people are unique in their creativity, spontaneity, decision-making and learning behavior, then that's exactly what they should do most of their time: be unique. We'd rather make the most of the available resources by automating the time-consuming and standardized activities with robots, while we concentrate on the dynamic, human and strategic areas.
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