How do primary and delegated legislation differ?

Legislative acts and legislative process

European Union Handbook pp 1-21 | Cite as

The Union's legal options for action
  • Matthias Niedobitek
Living reference work entry
First Online:

Summary

The Union has a differentiated arsenal of legal acts and legislative procedures at its disposal to implement its policies. The system of legal acts and legislative procedures became more complex and complex with the Lisbon Treaty. A differentiating criterion is the anchoring of legal acts and legislative procedures at the different hierarchical levels of Union law. In primary Union law, there are both simple and qualified legislative procedures, in particular legislative procedures that are hierarchically at the same level. These procedures result in simple and qualified basic legal acts, which are also hierarchically equally ranked, in particular legislative acts that are attributable to secondary Union law. The procedure for the adoption of secondary, “tertiary” legal acts is regulated differently in secondary Union law: While there are hardly any procedural provisions for the adoption of delegated acts according to Art. 290 TFEU, the procedure for the adoption of implementing acts according to Art. 291 TFEU is based on the traditional comitology procedure at. Basic legal acts on which the secondary legal acts are based are hierarchically superordinate to them. All legislative procedures can be combined with the binding legal act types listed in Art. 288 TFEU (regulation, directive, resolution), of course depending on the respective basis of authorization.

keywords

Union legislative processes Union legislative and simple legislative processes Basic acts Binding Union acts Delegated acts Implementing acts Regulations, directives and decisions Hierarchy of acts
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for European Studies and HistoryTechnical University of ChemnitzChemnitzGermany