Drinking can cause temporary hearing disturbances

Timpani effusion


The disease is more likely in childhood than in adulthood. In children, but also in adults, a typical symptom is reduced hearing ability (conductive hearing loss). In most cases, the hearing loss occurs in both ears.

Other symptoms that may occur more frequently in adults:

However, poor hearing or a feeling of pressure in the ear can also indicate tube catarrh.


The causes of a tympanic effusion can be very different. Often this occurs as a side effect of a cold. Because the ventilation of the ear is disturbed by a cold and the formation of mucus is higher. The eustachian tube ensures adequate ventilation of the ear. In younger years this is not yet fully functional in children, so that the ventilation of the ear is restricted. The older a child is, the better the ear trumpet works and the lower the risk of developing it.

Another cause are very strong pressure fluctuations. For example when an airplane takes off or lands.


As with all ear diseases, it is advisable to consult an ear, nose and throat doctor as soon as possible. The ear is carefully examined there with an otoscope (otoscope) and checked for changes. The fluid level is checked behind the eardrum. However, the eardrum can be scarred by previous otitis media. In this case, the doctor cannot see the tympanic effusion, but can only determine it through tympanometry. In tympanometry, a measuring device is used to examine the eardrum and the middle ear for disturbed pressure fluctuations and fluid build-up.

If there is an effusion disease, the eardrum is reddened. If the patient is in the chronic stage, the eardrum is more likely to have a pink thickening. If the doctor finds bloody, bluish shimmering secretion, this is an indication of this disease. Healthy secretions are amber in color. In addition to the tympanogram, a tone audiogram, a detailed graphic representation of the hearing ability in an auditory curve, is often performed for diagnosis. If the disease is present, this shows conductive hearing loss. A reflection of the throat, the sinuses and the nasal cavity can also provide information about an existing timpani.

Treatment and duration

In most cases, the tympanic effusion resolves itself and there are no complications. The period varies from just a few days to several weeks.

If the disease lasts longer than three weeks and remains untreated, it can become chronic and consequential damage can occur. Surgical treatment may be required.

There are various measures for regression of the disease:

  • First, expectorant drugs and decongestant nasal drops can be used to improve the oxygen supply to the ear.
  • In the case of a bacterial infection, therapy with antibiotics or painkillers is used. The aim is to prevent the inflammation from spreading further.
  • There are also various physiotherapeutic measures to prevent an operation. Inhalation and steam baths, heat treatment or rinsing the nose are suitable for this.
  • If the person concerned suffers from a chronic effusion, the oxygen supply to the ear can be improved by a drum tube. This is used operationally.
  • If the tonsils are enlarged in a chronic disease, they can be removed by an adenotomy, surgical removal of the tonsils.
  • If the doctor finds a large accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, the secretion can be sucked off through an incision in the eardrum. The surgical procedure is medically called an eardrum paracentesis.

Home remedies and homeopathy

A tympanic effusion can have different effects. If it is a mild form of the tympanic effusion or a temporary tympanic effusion, simple home remedies or homeopathic treatment can support the healing process. We have a few home remedies that will help you reduce the swelling of your sinuses:

  • Nasal drops or a nasal spray
  • Steam baths or inhalation with essential oils such as eucalyptus, spruce or pine scent, as they have an expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect
  • Red light as heat treatment
  • Nasal rinsing, for example with salt water, which has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects
  • Berries with a high vitamin C content (such as sea buckthorn, currant, acerola, rose hip) against infections
  • Warm soups (chicken soup) to strengthen the immune system
  • Warming pillow for the ear (with hay flowers) or a warm onion bag

If you are thinking about treating an effervescence naturally, then homeopathic treatments may be an option for you. In any case, however, it is advisable to discuss this with your treating ENT doctor in order to initiate any necessary medical therapy measures. There is no specific treatment in homeopathic therapy. Before using homeopathic remedies, the symptoms that are currently present must therefore always be observed. An experienced therapist can best assess this. When treating tympanic effusion with homeopathic remedies, low potencies such as D6 to D12 are generally suitable. Some specific remedies are used more often, even if homeopathy for a tympanic effusion cannot be generalized for all sufferers.

  • Apis mellifica for stabbing pain.
  • Aconitum is used for severe swellings and also for sharp pain
  • Pulsatilla as a supplement for children who are particularly tearful during the illness and need a lot of attention

The remedies are available in the pharmacy as globules, in the form of drops or tablets. These are well suited for children. They should melt slowly under the tongue. For very young children, the remedies can be dissolved in a little water and then dripped into their mouths.


Possible complications:

  • If the disease becomes chronic and the person concerned does not see a doctor, the inflammation can spread further and spread to nearby areas.For example, this can lead to meningitis (meningitis) or mastoiditis
  • Due to the prolonged hearing loss associated with a disease, there is often a delay in speech development in children
  • There is the problem that the ossicles are destroyed. If this happens, the ossicles must be replaced with an implant in an emergency. The mucous membrane of the middle ear can also become calcified or scarred
  • In isolated cases it can lead to a serious side effect. The formation of retention pockets in the eardrum, resulting in a cholesteatoma. It is a lump that can only be removed by surgery
  • In very rare cases, bacterial inflammation, mastoiditis, can also occur. Here the mastoid process of the temporal bone becomes inflamed. This condition should be treated as soon as possible.