What are your best technical drawings
Technical drawing or industrial design? An overview
Technical drawing, also known as industrial drawing, has no artistic meaning, such as caricatures, but requires special graphic skills.
Technical draftsmen are essential in engineering fields.
- What are your tasks?
- What qualities and skills are required?
- What are the special features and standards for technical drawing?
Discover the many facets of this profession, which aims to represent the projects presented by a designer on paper.
According to the figures of the general enterprise were In 2014 around 3,900 technical draughtsmen worked in free service
A predominantly male profession, with only 23% female draughtsmen.
In this way, discover the little-known branch of the various forms of drawing ...
Industrial design or technical drawing: what is it?
First of all, let's clarify what a technical drawing is.
It's about, To represent elements, products, buildings, industrial parts, plans in a precise way and from different perspectives.
A discipline that has little to do with newspaper caricature, for example!
While the drawings used to be made manually on a drafting table, nowadays the draftsman has put squares and compasses aside. He mainly works with computers that work with CAD (Computer Aided Design) and CADD (Computer Aided Design and Drafting) software.
Technical drawing covers several areas:
- The formal and descriptive representation of a concept to make sure it matches the designer's vision.
- The technical transmission of data the professions involved in the implementation of the project (plans, functional principle, overall concept ...).
Technical drawing or industrial design can be used in mechanical engineering, construction, electrical engineering, but also in electronics. It is essential for the responsible engineering teams to develop a prototype.
The industrial design takes into account all elements of the requirements communicated to the draftsman. The information transmitted in this way relates to the dimensions of the elements, their shape or the materials used. By creating sketches and diagrams, the draftsman also contributes to checking the reliability of the project, the risk analysis, but also the production costs.
Whether it is the creation of an industrial product or the implementation of an architectural project, the technical drawing is the first step in implementing the concept. It is used in various areas of activity:
- Automotive industry,
- Mechanical engineering,
- Interior design,
- Construction drawing ...
The technical draftsman is at the center of the product development process. His drawings make it possible to establish the connection between the designer and the producer. He has to work in a team with the engineers responsible for the project.
History and development of industrial design
To know where the technical drawing came from, you have to go back to the 15th century!
Especially the great artist Leonardo there Vincibegan to combine scientific interest and artistic skills: the visual arts became a platform for science and innovation.
But only in the Renaissance the three-dimensional perspective appeared. The artists of the time noticed that the objects appeared smaller and smaller as the distance from the viewer increased. The Dutch painter Jan Van Eyck began to use the reflection of light to create increasingly realistic drawings.
In the time of the industrial revolution, progress in the field of technical drawing accelerated!
Industrial and agricultural inventions multiplied at a rapid pace, which is why it became necessary a lot more precise and complex drawings of machines to develop. For the first time the term "industrial design", which is used in most mechanical engineering branches, is mentioned.
Over the years, drawing on paper has given way to drawing with sophisticated software such as LibreCad, CAD or Micôsystème. The main interest of this type of Freeware is to allow the designer to rotate his models around any axis with just his mouse!
The different types of industrial designs
The job of the industrial draftsman is to create different types of drawings.
They can be divided into broad categories:
- The sketch: This is the first draft of a project. Usually the sketch is made by hand and is not yet polished. Nevertheless, it gives a first overall impression of the concept. This is useful during the design phase. The sketch is also available in other disciplines, such as realistic drawing. But never in classic and satirical cartoons.
- The layout: This is a standardized drawing made up of symbols. These make it possible to quickly display the functions and properties of a product in a simplified manner.
- The overview drawing: It is a true-to-scale drawing that shows the entire project in a non-schematic form. It is used in the conception phase and highlights the chosen solutions.
- The assembly drawing: This represents the product in its entirety. All components and their functions are listed there. S is a useful document when the designer submits a project to a manufacturer.
- The manufacturing drawing: Based on the assembly drawings, the manufacturing drawing provides useful information for the manufacture of the elements that make up the end product.
- The detail drawing: These are enlargements of part of the project. By specifying a certain element of the whole, the draftsman can use these details to clarify a certain point. In the production process, the detail drawing often supplements the production drawing.
What are the standards of industrial design?
Industrial design meets specific standards. It must be clear and easy to understand for everyone. The technical draftsman therefore adheres to standardized norms. In France, AFNOR sets the standards for the preparation of technical drawings.
It is a profession where accuracy in design is essential. There are several important points among industrial design standards.
Standards and formats
Depending on the subject of the technical drawing, it is not always possible to show it in its original size. Scales are used to reduce or enlarge the model and to represent it on a sheet of paper.
The formats are also standardized. There are 5 formats:
- A 4 210 × 297 mm
- A 3 420 × 297 mm
- A 2 420 × 594 mm
- A 1 840 x 594 mm
- A 0 840 x 1188 mm
Even the paper folding leaves nothing to chance. The sheets must always be folded so that they fit in an A4 pocket.
When folding, the text field is always aligned so that it is visible without having to unfold the sheet.
This makes it easier to archive documents.
The title block
It is a frame that contains a certain amount of mandatory information about the drawing. The information it contains includes:
- The name of the drawing,
- the scale used,
- the name of the draftsman and the company,
- the projection method (European or American),
- the date,
- the format of the drawing.
The dimensions of the text field are just as clearly defined as its position on the sheet. Traditionally, it's in the lower right corner of the drawing. The position can also vary depending on the type of drawing. The aim of the title block is to be able to identify the content of the drawing without having to open it.
The lines of the technical drawings also correspond to the specific standards the NF E 04-520 ISO 128. So there is:
- Thick lines,
- fine lines,
- very fine lines,
- dashed lines,
- solid lines,
- Dash-dotted lines.
This variety of lines enables the draftsman to give specific information about the elements shown. Dashed lines represent e.g. B. Hidden elements and fine lines are used for dimensioning.
How can you draw an object completely?
The focus of the draftsman's work is on the views. The draftsman can use it to represent the object thanks to different views and enables a complete representation of the object. Practice in an acrylic painting class.
The drawing can thus show 6 different views: Front and rear view, as well as side view left, right, top view and bottom view.
Their arrangement is also precisely defined. There are two projection methods: American and European.
The European representation, in which the views are positioned taking into account the projection system. Specifically, one assumes that when one stands on the right side of an object, the view one has of it is projected to the left. Therefore, the right view is shown on the left side of the drawing. So on a technical drawing you can find:
- The top view shown below the front view,
- the left view to the right of the front view,
- the bottom view shown above the front view,
- The rear view on the far right in the drawing, next to the side view on the left ...
Draftsmen who are in the drawing process must also create 3D representations, cavalier perspectives, and section planes as required.
What material do you need to learn industrial design?
Do you want to create a 2D drawing, 3D object, or 3D modeling, but you don't know where to start? Superprof explains how to get your first professional drawing material!
Remember that there are two ways to create an engineering drawing: on paper or on digital media. In order to create a digital model or implementation plans on paper, you must therefore be equipped with another drawing material.
For the technical drawing on paper, the draftsman must acquire:
- Measuring tools, plotting tools, geometry tools and cutting tools,
- an adjustable drawing table,
- Markers or pencils with a calibrated tip,
- high quality drawing paper,
- a rolling ruler,
- a cutting ruler,
- a drawing board,
- a paper clip, etc.
You should know that there are many Beginner sets for draftsmen, which is very practical as it gives you all the materials you need to create your first technical drawing!
Digital drawing is a slightly different task. First, make sure to buy a good quality computer with good memory so that you can work quickly and efficiently. It is also possible to have some digital tablets such as those from the Apple brand, which are ideal for home drawing.
The draftsman then has to decide whether he wants a free software for industrial design installed or used a paid version. The free versions are logically much less sophisticated than their counterparts. Some paid software products, such as the CAD software, are used as a reference for modeling and developing a 3D drawing.
With the right IT tools, you can be sure that you can do your job as a draftsman!
Industrial design: what sectors are there to become an industrial designer?
Would you like to make mechanical engineering and industrial design your full-time job? What if you chose an appropriate industry to pursue a brilliant career?
First of all, you should know that industrial design is in full swing. While in the past long hours of study weren't necessary to become an industrial designer, companies today are more likely to recruit candidates with at least a high school diploma.
Of course, the classic course for technical draftsmen is still relatively short compared to other branches, but there are a few more Diplomas and certificates will certainly enable you to find a job in a company after graduating from school!
Find out here what training is required to get started in the field of technical drawing:
According to the Vocational Training Act (BBiG), no specific school education is required to become a draftsman. However, good knowledge in the areas of mathematics, works / technology, physics, information technology and / or economics is an advantage.
The industrial design student not only needs to be meticulous, tech-savvy, and attentive, but one too keen scientific mind and especially take it easy with IT. To complete your training, you can therefore pass an IT certification, such as the MCSA certificate, to improve your professional résumé!
Ultimately, you should know that almost every industry is in the field of technical drawing Internship in a company prescribe. So make sure you get the best possible internship certificate: In addition to helping you get your diploma, a generally good average can give you a permanent job in your internship company.
So what are you waiting for to enroll in the industry of your choice today?
Learn industrial design with a private teacher
Why not learn industrial design as quickly as possible: through private lessons from a professional draftsman!
The private drawing lessons are popular with many students because of it pedagogical approach and direct exchange much appreciated between teacher and student. The latter can benefit from personal support and regular follow-up as part of their learning progress.
The private course can be aimed at or in your own interest in addition to professional training be taken in the scientific or technical field. In evening courses or during the school holidays, the pupil learns everything he needs to know about execution plans, special machines or mechanical parts.
There are several ways to find an industrial design teacher:
- Classified ads in regional newspapers,
- Classified ads at electrical engineering schools,
- Classified ads in art schools such as fine arts schools,
- Classified ads of online drawing courses,
- Design offices of independent draftsmen,
- Private agencies for private lessons at home.
On Superprof, the average price for one hour of drawing lessons is € 21.41!
Here it is in fact the pupil who like his future private tutor according to different criteria Experience as a technical draftsman, Degrees, geographic distance or the average price of the course itself.
Before you take your first course in industrial design at home, you should be aware of your ultimate goals. Whether it's discovering a new passion, attending a drawing school, or improving their drawing techniques, the teacher will put together a tailor-made program to help the student achieve their goal quickly.
Why not take a first taster course with one Technical drawing specialists and do industrial design?
Online courses in industrial design
Learn technical drawing and industrial design without leaving home thanks to the online drawing course!
Knowing that industrial design is a solo activity, online drawing classes are a great way to get started every day self-employed to practice.
Online drawing lessons are often free and can be accessed from any digital platform. So you can Theory and practice of technical drawing Repeat calmly and choose the best website for your area of expertise.
Online the draftsman can do some additional drawing exercises:
- Learning websites for technical drawing,
- free apps for drawing courses,
- Educational videos on industrial design on platforms such as YouTube,
- MOOC sign courses that are accessible to everyone
- Teaching units available on the websites of some universities,
- Discussion groups on drawing,
- free PDF files for an introduction to technical drawing.
Do you think it's impossible to find a drawing teacher online? Do not be mistaken!
On Superprof, thousands of drawing teachers agree to Give lessons via webcam. On his digital tablet or computer, the future draftsman can share his screen and correct his mistakes while being supervised by a qualified teacher. In addition, the Skype drawing course is often cheaper than the traditional course.
Turn on your computer and start your first online drawing lesson!
Which professions can one pursue as a technical draftsman?
As mentioned earlier, technical drawing is used in many areas of activity.
There are also many professions related to technical drawing.
Would you like to have a career in this field? Here are some tips ...
Industrial design or technical drawing combines several professions. Usually be Positions offered in design offices or in industrial companies. The technical draftsman can also work as a freelancer. Depending on your level of experience and initial training, you can achieve the following:
- Implementation planner: the task is to reproduce or make final drawings.
- Technical illustrator: After about five years of experience, as a technical draftsman, you produce detailed drawings of parts.
- Construction draftsman: To become a draftsman you need ten years of professional experience. This role involves leading a team of designers and intervening to deal with issues that arise while planning and executing a project.
As a technical draftsman you have to be able to work in a team. Above all, he has to work conscientiously and precisely. It is also important to have a scientific understanding in order to learn drawing techniques.
Technical drawing is not an artistic profession, but a fundamental form of drawing that has developed strongly since the beginning of industrialization. The advantage of this job? It enables you to work in very different areas of activity.
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