Gluten intolerance causes acid reflux
Digestion indigestion, indigestion
The digestive organs have to cope with a variety of tasks in order for food to be used properly. The digestive system, and with it the digestive process, can sometimes become unbalanced for various reasons. The consequences are digestive disorders such as flatulence, diarrhea, burning stomach and heartburn or constipation.
Knowing your own body and the tasks of the digestive organs well helps keep digestion healthy and avoid indigestion.
|1 mouth, tongue, teeth:||Checking, tasting and chopping the food|
|2 salivary glands:||Saliva supports the swallowing process of food and enzymes in the saliva prepare the breakdown of starch into sugar.|
|3 esophagus:||Transport of chewed and ground food into the stomach.|
|4 stomach:||Catcher for the pulp, the food is kneaded and mixed with gastric juice. The gastric juice consists of hydrochloric acid, which dissolves the food components, and pepsin, which breaks down proteins.|
Bile is produced
|6 gallbladder:||Bile is stored and released into the duodenum.|
|7 pancreas:||Digestive enzymes are produced and released into the duodenum.|
|8 duodenum:||Confluence of the digestive juices from the liver and pancreas|
|9 small intestine:|
Digestion of nutrients, absorption into the blood
|10 colon:||Withdrawal of water, the last food remains split by intestinal bacteria|
|11 rectum:||Indigestible food components are collected as stool|
Digestion means that the food is first mechanically chopped up in the mouth and then transported through the esophagus into the stomach by means of swallowing. The food is mixed with digestive juices in the stomach and especially in the subsequent duodenum. By means of chemical processes, the food is broken down into components that can be used by the body. The usable food components are absorbed by the body, indigestible or worthless components are excreted.
The digestive process normally works perfectly - then the person feels completely at ease. Digestive disorders, on the other hand, are not only annoying, they worsen our general well-being, disrupt sleep or impair work. Often, digestive disorders are accompanied by pain. In the repeated case - for example with persistent constipation, diarrhea or with chronic belching and backflow of gastric juice into the esophagus (reflux) - the indigestion can become a serious medical problem.
Nobody is immune from digestive problems. Everyone is familiar with complaints such as flatulence or acid regurgitation (heartburn) after eating high-fat foods or after eating too much. Some people respond to physical or emotional stress with digestive disorders such as constipation or diarrhea. Often, a change in diet, omitting certain foods or simply taking a lot of rest while eating is enough to prevent such complaints.
Digestive disorders, which are usually temporary or only occur in certain situations, include: gas, diarrhea, burning stomach (acid regurgitation) and constipation.
A bloated stomach (meteorism) or an excessive discharge of intestinal gases (flatulence) is usually the result of increased gas production in the digestive tract. Swallowing too much air while eating hastily can lead to a bloated stomach. Certain foods also cause gas. These include: cabbage vegetables, legumes, onions. Fatty or sweet food, carbonated drinks, alcohol or coffee can also have a flatulence effect.
Flatulence is unpleasant and the strong, usually foul-smelling discharge of intestinal gases (not only) affects the person affected. In the most common cases, bloating is harmless and temporary. Usually even small changes in life and diet or herbal supplements help. With certain intestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea or food intolerance (lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance), flatulence is a common symptom and is often accompanied by acute or chronic diarrhea. Many infants react to changes in their diet with colicky and extremely painful flatulence. Severe, persistent flatulence can also be a symptom of diseases, for example of the intestines, the pancreas or the biliary tract.
If more than three watery or mushy stools occur per day, one speaks of diarrhea by definition. In the case of severe or prolonged diarrhea, the body loses fluids and mineral salts, which can quickly become threatening, especially for older people, infants and children.
The causes of diarrhea (medical diarrhea) are manifold. In most cases, bacteria or viruses are responsible for acute diarrhea. It is not uncommon for children or people with a weak immune system to be affected. Emotional stress such as fear or stress can also trigger acute diarrhea.
Chronic diarrhea is usually an accompanying symptom of a functional bowel disease (irritable bowel) or a chronic inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Chronic diarrhea is also a common symptom associated with cancer, thyroid disease and food intolerance.
Traveller's diarrhea, traveller's diarrhea
"Pharaoh's Vengeance", "Pyramid Sidestep", "Montezuma's Vengeance": sonorous names for an annoying and sometimes dangerous disease - traveler's diarrhea.
In most cases, it is bacteria that are responsible for traveller's diarrhea, which are ingested through polluted water, contaminated food or poor hygienic conditions. Even simple rules of conduct could prevent this disease. But: 98% of travelers eat '' risky '' foods during the first 3 days, 71% eat salads or uncooked vegetables and 53% use ice cubes in drinks. With that, the worst '' eating sins '' have already been uncovered.
Diarrhea should be treated as soon as possible, as fluid loss and the loss of important minerals can quickly become threatening, even in otherwise healthy people.
Burning stomach is now a widespread disease and is one of the most common digestive disorders. Heartburn - brief, acidic belching, for example after a large meal - has probably been experienced by everyone. The backflow of gastric juice into the esophagus causes a burning pain behind the breastbone, which can reach into the neck area. The pain can increase when lying down and disappears again when you get up. Occasional burning in the stomach is unpleasant, but usually has no disease value.
The most common causes of the occasional stomach ache are lifestyle sins such as lavish or spicy meals, as well as stress and hasty eating. Certain foods and stimulants (coffee, alcohol, nicotine) can also cause heartburn. The pressure on the stomach when overweight or pregnant, as well as the consumption of certain medications, are often associated with stomach burning.
Repeated or persistent heartburn is what causes reflux disease. The acidic gastric juice irritates the mucous membrane of the esophagus, which in the long term leads to inflammation in the esophagus. Changes in the mucous membrane in the esophagus can in rare cases develop cancer after years.
Chronic heartburn occurs when the occlusive muscle at the end of the esophagus does not adequately prevent the gastric juice from flowing back into the esophagus. A diaphragmatic hernia is often responsible for this inadequate closure function. In these cases, surgery can help.
Occasional heartburn is usually stopped by making certain lifestyle changes - the sufferer often knows the triggers and should avoid them. With active ingredients that inhibit or neutralize the acid production of the stomach, annoying stomach ache can be treated relatively easily and effectively.
If the bowel movement is too rare, too hard or too painful, the person suffers from constipation. Occasional constipation is unpleasant, but usually resolves itself and has no disease value. People from developed countries are far more likely to suffer from constipation than people in developing countries, which suggests that lifestyle plays a crucial role in constipation.
The most common causes of constipation are: insufficient fluid intake, unhealthy food (high in fat, low in fiber) and lack of exercise. Changes in diet, for example when traveling, and the use of certain medications can also lead to constipation. Chronic constipation most commonly affects women and the elderly.
Chronic constipation is not that rare: it is believed that up to 15% of adults in Switzerland suffer from it.
Frequent additional complaints with constipation are gas, malaise, bloating, feeling of incomplete bowel evacuation or intestinal blockage. In these cases, i.e. if at least two of the symptoms mentioned occur in addition, the cause of the constipation should urgently be clarified medically.
Changing your diet, drinking plenty of fluids, exercising more, and taking a number of herbal supplements (taken for short periods of time) usually help relieve occasional constipation. In other cases, only treatment by the doctor will help. Indiscriminate and long-term use of laxatives without a doctor's prescription is not recommended.
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