Why is accountability important to an organization
1. Term: Obligation and authorization to act independently for the purpose of fulfilling a task or in a limited functional area. The opportunity to act independently is linked to having to vouch for success and failure vis-à-vis the authority from which the competence for the task or functional area was granted.
Often synonymous with Responsibility, standing up for doing and not doing.
See also personal responsibility.
2. Species: a) Individual responsibility: Having to stand up for your own actions
b) External responsibility: Having to stand up for the actions of hierarchically subordinate actors.
Frequently used type of requirement, mostly subdivided into responsibility for equipment and products, responsibility for the work of others and responsibility for the health of others. The complexity of the operational performance process, the high system intensity and the dependence of the operational success on a friction-free cooperation require both managers and subordinate employees to be willing to assume responsibility. Clear assignment of tasks and the corresponding assignment of competencies to which the responsibility relates are necessary.
Responsibility describes the fact that someone has to account for their actions to an authority. The term responsibility originally comes from the legal field and was then also interpreted in Christian usage as the accountability of people to God or to their own conscience. Today, responsibility is generally understood either in the sense of the dutiful fulfillment of assigned tasks or, in the broader (ethical) sense, as consideration of those affected by one's own actions, which can also mean a deviation from the prescribed activities. Responsibility presupposes freedom of action and the ability to foresee the consequences of one's own actions; The ethical concept of responsibility also includes intentionality or freedom of will in relation to one's own action goals, taking into account the interests of others (ethics, freedom).
Responsibility is always one Question of social imputation. Every event can be traced back to a large number of different conditional factors, of which the actions of an individual can only ever be a subset. A meaningful use of the concept of responsibility requires the determination of the agent's competencies and the limits of his responsibility. These result from the possibility or the reasonableness of carrying out or being able to carry out certain actions. This is where the difficulties of responsibility become apparent. Today's time is on the one hand by a greater degree than it used to be Predictability (Weber) and Designability - and thus more long-term impact calculations - marked, which makes the demands for responsibility, up to and including responsibility for future generations, loud. On the other hand, in the course of the division of labor and specialization and the resulting growing interdependencies between actions, it leads to an increase complexity social and ecological relationships lead to a diffusion of responsibility. The individual can
(1) assess the relevant consequences of action more poorly and is increasingly dependent on the information or assessments of third parties;
(2) The control of the relevant influencing factors for the responsible objects or events becomes more difficult, especially due to the interdependencies between actions, as they show in competition or with public goods;
(3) In addition, (role) conflicts and problems arise for the individual in balancing or just recognizing possible responsible courses of action, so that a withdrawal from responsibility can take place. As a result, there is a need for the institutional attribution of responsibility through legal or contractual provisions, e.g. in liability law, and / or the attribution of responsibility to collective actors, e.g. companies, associations etc .; insofar has responsibility constitutional requirements. The collective actors are then required, for their part, to ensure that individual competencies are clearly assigned internally, since responsibility ultimately always remains tied to individuals as moral subjects.
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