What is a branch in plant taxonomy
What is plant taxonomy?
Plant taxonomy is a branch of science that deals with the description, identification, categorization, and naming of plants. Various systems are used to taxonomize plants, the best known of which are kingdom, tribe, class, order, family, genus, and species hierarchy. Biologists who work with plants use plant taxonomy on a daily basis to organize and understand the plants they are working with and to effectively pass information on to other biologists.
Taxonomy has very ancient roots. People just start taxonomizing things by naming them as they allow people to differentiate between different objects with which they interact. For example, freezers and refrigerators look and function similarly, but they are also very different. For this reason, two different terms are used for these common devices. Taxonomy is especially important in biology as it can be used to make sure people are talking about the same thing and to reveal similarities, differences, and information about genetic inheritance.
For example, if plants belong to the same genus, it means that they are closely related and that their common ancestor is not far away. Plants in the same class, on the other hand, are more distantly related, although more closely related than plants in the same stem. Each step in the hierarchy serves to narrow down the identification of a plant more precisely.
When researchers think they have found a new plant species, they try to fit it into the existing system of plant taxonomy by using its characteristics for classification. In doing so, you may find out that the plant has already been discovered, described and named. The plant taxonomy is also very fluid. Plants can be moved when humans learn more about them, for example when genetic testing shows that two plants are actually the same species, or when tests show that plants are more distantly related than biologists thought.
People also use plant taxonomy to identify known plants. For example, people interested in wildflowers often carry plant keys with them so that when they see a plant in the field, they can follow a series of prompts to find out what the plant is and learn more about it . Correct identification and classification of plants is also of interest to nurseries and gardeners. For example, when a gardener walks in and asks for a nasturtium, the nursery doesn't know whether it is a plant of the genus Nasturtium or plants of the genus Tropaeolum, commonly known as nasturtium.The gardener uses a scientific name from a recognized taxonomic system. The kindergarten knows exactly what the gardener is asking for.
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