Are Manx cats weaker than normal cats

A. Eel lineA dark line (in the color of the drawing) in tabby cats, which runs from the shoulders along the spine to the tip of the tail.badge

See also points.

All pointed cats - cats with the gene combination cs cs, cb cb or cb cs - have badges. The color is limited to the face (mask), ears, legs and tail.Siam badge - gene combination cs cs; These badges can be found on all Siamese cats, but also on the Colourpoint.
The body has no color, it is mostly off-white in color.
The eye color is dark blue.Burma badge - gene combination cb cb; Burmese are cats with a badge, but here the contrast to the body color is very weak.Tonkinese badge - gene combination cb cs.
The body is colored the same color as the badges, but the badges are clearly visible because they are darker.
The eye color in mink colors is aquamarine.
The eye color of pointed colors is blue.
The eye color with solid colors green to yellow-green.Agouti

The banding of the hair, caused by the gene A (agouti gene). The banding is yellow, with the silver varieties the banding is silver-white.
Usually there are 3-5 ribbons on each individual hair.AlleleIf one speaks of different expressions of a gene which occupy a certain locus.
Two alleles are known for locus L, gene L responsible for short hair, gene l responsible for long hair.
3 alleles are known for locus B, gene B for black / seal (based on eumelanin), gene b for chocolate (based on eumelanin), gene bl for cinnamon / sorrel (based on eumelanin).AutosomalIndependent of gender.
Is used in genetics when speaking of autosomal inheritance, i.e. inheriting both a male and a female.B.UpBelly spotA dark spot on the lower abdomen in cats with Siamese markings in the same color as the markings.
A belly spot is considered a mistake.RingedSee rings.Bicolour

See also Piebald.

Is a pattern with white spots caused by the S gene (Piebald spotting).

In particular, it denotes a certain pattern where the white component is at least 1/3 to a maximum of 1/2, the rest of the fur is colored, solid or with a pattern.

For a description see the menu Standard-Color-Allocation.

blazeA white spot between the eyes that starts on the forehead and usually extends over and on both sides of the nose.
Bicolor and tricolor often have a blaze.Blotched

(Classic brindle)

Translated in German as "brindle", and denotes a certain tabby pattern.

The butterfly badges on the shoulder blades and the wheel markings on the flanks are characteristic.

BobtailCertain cat breeds are designated as bobtail, in which the tail is strongly shortened due to a naturally occurring gene mutation and usually consists of bends and / or kinks. In some breeds of cats, the tail looks like a pompom.

Examples with pompom:
Japanese bobtail
Karelian Bobtail
Kurilian Bobtail
Examples without pompom:
American bobtail
Mekong Bobtail

BreakA very strong indentation between the forehead and the base of the nose that is not round, in contrast to the stop.BrindlingAre single white or lighter hairs in otherwise monochrome areas of fur.
For example in the dark mask of a seal-colored Siamese, or lighter hair in a black tabby pattern.Brush

See also velor.

This is a type of fur in Don Sphynx and Peterbald.
Don Sphynx and Peterbald are usually naked. But there is one type of coat that has wavy, rather stiff, short hair and bald spots on the head, neck and back. These cats are used for breeding but not for exhibition.ButtonsAre the spots on the belly in tabby varieties.C.UpCalico

See tricolor.

Term for tricolor in American organizations.CameoDesignation of Red Shaded and Red Shell in some organizations.Cinnamon

See also Sorrel.

In Abesinniern this color is called sorrel.CobbyA short, massive and stocky build is called a cobby.Colourpoint

See also Himalayan.

Cats with the Siamese mark are called Colourpoints. The best known are the Colourpoint Persians, but also the Colourpoint British Shorthair.
In the case of the Siberian cat, Colourpoint cats are known as Neva Masquerade.CryptorchidA hangover with none of the testicles in the scrotum is called a cryptorchid.CymricAt the WCF, Manx Longhairs are called Cymric.ChUpChampagneThe color chocolate is called champagne in some cat breeds.
TonkaneseChestnutThe color chocolate is called chestnut in some breeds of cats and in some organizations.
Havana (Brown)chinchilla

See also shell.
See also tipping.
For drawing see silver.

Is a coat color in agouti cats with a very high silver content: 7/8 of the entire hair shaft is silver-white, only the hair tips are colored.
The coloring of only the ends of the hair is done Tipping (typed) called

There are (silver) chinchillas and golden chinchillas.


See also Wildfleck.

The light spot on the back of the ears in all agouti varieties.Diluted

See also dilution.

Diluted = diluted


non-diluted colordiluted color
black, sealblue
Dominantly inheritedWhen one gene of a gene pair is enough for a trait to see the trait in the cat's exterior.E.UpEbonyBlack oriental shorthair is known as ebony. You have green eyes.EntropionWhen the eyelids roll inward.extremitiesExtremities are: F.UpFCKFlat Chest Kitten syndrome
Flat-chested or depressed chest in young animals.Flame pointIn some organizations, the red point is referred to as a flame point.flameA cream-colored or red spot in tortoiseshell varieties between the eyes that begins on the forehead and usually extends over the nose.FlockedSee velor.Foreign WhitePure white Siamese (without markings) are called Foreign White. You have dark blue eyes.

Note that some organizations also refer to white Orientals as Foreign White. They have blue, gold, green eyes and can also be odd-eyed.

Frost point
In some organizations, lilac is also referred to as frost in some breeds.GUpGhost drawingIs a tabby drawing in non-agouti varieties, usually weaker with less contrast, and undesirable, but which often disappears with increasing age.
red cats
smoke catsgenotypeThe genetic makeup of a cat, which can or cannot be seen externally.Base colorIs the basic color of the fur on which a pattern is applied.
  • black brindle: basic color golden brown, drawing black
  • blue golden shaded: basic color of oatmeal, drawing color (tipping) blue
  • sorrel: basic color apricot, ticking rust-brown
HUpHair categoryAre the four categories in which the races are grouped at the WCF:
  • Longhair - LH
  • Semi-long hair (semi-long hair) - SLH
  • Shorthair - KH
  • Siamese Oriental Shorthair - SOKH
a necklaceThe stripes (rings) on the neck in tabby varieties.RuffSignificantly more and longer hair around the neck is called a ruff.GlovesThe white markings on all four paws are called gloves. The white is absolutely pure; it can end at the root of the toe or at the joint.

In the case of the Burmese, the gloves are very precisely defined as to how far they can reach.

harlequinA pattern, caused by the gene S (Piebald Spotting), in which the proportion of white is 5/6.
There are colored spots (3-5 spots) on the head and body, the tail is colored, the belly is white.

There are bicolour and tricolor harlequins.

Havana (Brown)In some organizations, the chocolate oriental shorthair is referred to as Havana Brown.
In some organizations, the Havana is a separate breed, the standard of which is somewhat different from that of the Orientals.HeterozygousMixer.
If the two genes are different for a trait in a gene pair, the cat is said to be heterozygous for that trait.Highland FoldAt the WCF, Scottish Fold Longhair is called Highland Fold.Himalayan

See Colourpoint.

Some organizations refer to Persian Colourpoint as the Himalayan. In some organizations, the Himalayan is a breed of its own.HomozygousPure.
If both genes are the same for a trait in a gene pair, the cat is said to be homozygous for that trait.Hot creamCream, which is too reddish in tone.hybridA crossbreed cat.I.Upinbreeding
Inbreeding coefficient
Inbreeding is a method of reproduction that consists of pairing 2 more or less closely related individuals, that is, who have at least one common ancestor.
The inbreeding coefficient is the probability that two alleles that an individual possesses in a locus are identical in the ancestors (i.e. inheritance of the same allele due to common ancestors).KUpCaramel = caramelIs a genetically determined, specific color variant of blue, lilac or fawn, which gives the color a cool, metallic tone.
Caramel is only available for diluted colors.
This color can be found, for example, in the Australian Mist, but also in Siam / Balinese.L.UpLavenderLavender is the name given to the color lilac, which is used in some breeds of cats.
Orientale lilac is also referred to as Orientale lavender by some organizations.Lethal
Lethal factor
An allele is considered lethal if homozygous pups die as a fetus or shortly after birth.
Gen M, genetic Manx / Cymric would die before birth, therefore the Manx cats and the Cymric are always heterozygous for the gene M.LongieA Manx / Cymric with a normal long tail is called a longie.Lynx point

See also tabby point.

Tabby point.
The badges have stripes.M.UpMackerel (mackerel)

Translated in German as "getigert", and denotes a certain tabby pattern. The vertical stripes that run from the back to the stomach are characteristic.MarbledTranslation: marbled.
A certain tabby pattern, which is derived from the classic tabby pattern, whereby the drawing is broken up, however, and the light center points are colored in the basic color and outlined with the dark pattern color.

The best known breed that can be marbled is the Bengal.

mascaraOutline the eyes with the darker color of the pattern:
  • in the silver varieties
    shaded and shell, silver tabby
  • and in the tabby varieties.
maskPart of the points on (Color) Point cats, in the shape of a rhombus, and covers the face, including the whisker pads and chin. The mask is connected to the color of the ears by traces of paint.Mask factorThe gene for the Siamese badge is usually referred to as the mask factor.medallionIs a white spot on the throat, which is usually considered a defect.
This white spot is not caused by the Piebald gene!Metacarpus
Metacarpal pads
The 5 bones of the front paws between the toes and the instep bone: metacarpal.

The metacarpal pad is the highest placed small pad, which is in the middle on the back of the front paws above the 3rd toe.

Mi-KeThe traditional color tortoiseshell with white (tricolor) for the Japanese bobtail is called Mi-ke.MinkThe colors with Tonkanesen points are referred to as mink.MittedCats with the Mitted pattern have white gloves on their 4 paws.
With certain breeds (Ragdoll, Snowshoe) a certain pattern is described in the standard.MonorchidA hangover with only one testicle in the scrotum is called a monorchid.morphologyMorphology is the general shape and stature of the body.
According to the morphological system, the following body types are distinguished:
  • cobby
  • semi-cobby
  • foreign
  • semi-foreign
  • long and strong / athletic
  • Oriental
mutationA mutation is the irrevocable change in a gene, which results in a new allele.
Get to know the Sphinx, which leads to hairlessness.
Genre in the Devon Rex, which results in the wavy fur.
Gene Cu in the American Curl, which results in the ears bent backwards.
Gen Se in the Selkirk Rex, which results in the wavy fur.NUpNanismDwarfismNatural minkSynonym for the color seal mink.Natural breedMaine Coon, Norwegians, all Turkish cats and SiberiansNictitating membraneThe cat's third eyelid in the inner corner of the eye, which spreads diagonally over the eye for protection. When cats are sick, the nictitating membrane can often be seen in what is known as a nictitating membrane prolapse.OUpOdd-eyedThe two eyes have a different color, one eye is blue, the other eye is yellow / green / orange.
Odd-eyed occurs in white and bicolour cats.OligodactylThe cat has too few toes.P.UpParti-colorThe designation has - confusingly - two different meanings:
In some American organizations it is used to designate the tortoiseshell colors.
In other organizations, the colors are called white (bicolour colors).Patched tabbyThis is what some organizations call the tortoiseshell brindle cats (mostly tortoiseshell blotched and mackerel together).Peke faceUsually the red and red tabby Persian / Exotic Shorthair with an extremely short nose, recognized by American organizations.
The term was derived from the Pekingese.PewterName for silver shaded / shell cats with orange eyes.PhenotypeThe external appearance of the cat.Piebald spottingThe white spotting caused by the S gene is referred to as piebald spotting.PinchIs a clearly visible indentation at the base of the snout to the cheekbones.PlantarThe underside of the paws is called plantar.PlatinumName for the color lilac in some cat breeds.
TonkanesePointsDescription see badge.PolydactylThe cat has too many toes.PrognatismIs the protrusion of one jaw over the other, either the protrusion of the upper jaw over the lower jaw, or vice versa.R.UpInherited recessivelyWhen both genes of a gene pair have to be the same for a characteristic in order to see the characteristic in the cat's exterior.RingsThe tail of rings is said to be ringed when it clearly shows "dark" colored rings.rosetteAre broken spots, which have a lighter center that is surrounded by the darker pattern color (in different shades of color).

The best-known breed that is said to have rosettes is the spotted Bengal.

RuddyThe Engl. Name for ruddy colors in Abyssinian and Somali.RufismYellow or brown tint in silver varieties. Such a shade is undesirable in the case of silver varieties.

Rufism is very desirable in red and brindle cats because it makes the red color more intense and darker.

S.UpSableThe designation of the color black = brown in Burma.SealThe designation of the color black in cats with the Siamese mark.
seal tortiepointSelf

See also solid.

Monochrome.sepiaColors that can be traced back to the Burma gene are referred to as sepia.ShadedA designation for a pattern in agouti cats with a high silver or gold content (approx. 2/3 of the entire hair length), 1/3 at the tip of the hair has color.

There is silver shaded and golden shaded.

A specialty of GCCF is the Asian shaded standard (shaded without silver), i.e. 2/3 of the hair shaft is colored lighter, the tip of the hair is colored darker.


See also chinchilla.

A name for a pattern in agouti cats with an extremely high silver or gold content (approx. 7/8 of the total hair length). Only the tip of the hair has color.

There are silver shell and golden shell.



The inhibitor gene I causes the undercoat to be silver-white and the color is limited to the upper hair shaft of the outer hair.
In Agouti, the yellow banding turns silver-white.Silver tabby pointWhen the agouti points (tabby point) have a silver-white background.Smoke pointWhen the non-agouti points have a silver-white background.Sole stripsIs a spot the color of the pattern color on the underside of the paws.Solid

See also Self.

Monochrome.SorrelThe color name for cinnamon ticked tabby in Abyssinian and Somali.SpursThe white markings on the soles of the hind legs, which taper to a point, are called spurs.

The best-known breed that must have spurs is the Birman.


Denotes a tabby pattern with polka dots.
The polka dots can be round or oval and cover the entire body and legs.

Rosettes are a specialty.

A long, flat bone in the center of the chest to which the rib bones are attached.Burin hairWhite, lighter or darker colored hair in Self (Solid) or in the colored fur areas of a pattern.
For example: white or light, but also black colored hair in red / cream, individual white or light hair in the colored areas in bicolour.stopA clear indentation between the forehead and the base of the nose, which is round.StrabismusSquint.StraightJust.
Mostly used to denote straight ears.
Scottish Straight (Scottish Fold with straight, erect ears)
But also with American Curl, if their ears are not bent back, but are straight.
The term is also used in wavy-haired breeds when their fur is not wavy, but rather the hair is straight.
Selkirk Rex straightSchUpButterfly (badge)In blotched cats, a butterfly with an upper and lower pair of wings can clearly be seen on the shoulder blades.Tail defectAre the following deformations in the tail:
  • Kinked tail
    The kink doesn't just have to be at the tail end!
  • Knot at the tip of the tail
  • nervous lump at the tip of the tail
  • Lump of fat
  • Thickening at the tip of the tail due to calcium overproduction
  • stiff tail end
  • any deformity of the tail
TUpTabbyGerman translation: brindle.

Tabby cats are agouti cats that show a tabby drawing. Cream-colored / red cats, which can have a clear tabby mark even without agouti, are an exception.

There are the following tabby patterns:

  • Blotched (classic brindle)
  • Mackerel (mackerel)
  • Spotted
    Rosettes are a special form.
  • Marbled (marbled)
  • Ticked

For a description of the patterns, see the Standard Color Drawing menu.

Tabby pointThe badges (points) are with stripes. These cats also have agouti.TawnyThe designation of the color black in some cat breeds.
OcicattextureThe texture of the fur.
For example:
smooth fur, supple fur, silky fur, grippy fur, soft fur, firm fur, plush-like fur, elastic fur, coarse furTicking

The color banding that is found on each individual hair is called ticking.
For example: Abyssinians, Somali have ticking, ticked tabby Orientals.Tipping


The darker color that is only found in the tips of the hair is called tipping. The rest of the hair shaft is colored lighter.

Smoke, Shaded and Shell have tipping.

TorbieBrindle tortoiseshell.TortieTortoiseshell.
The color is mottled with red / cream spots.

For a description see the menu Standard-Color-Allocation.
For the tortoiseshell varieties see the menu Standard-Color-Tortoiseshell.


See also Piebald.
See also bicolour.

This describes a certain bicolour pattern where the white portion is at least 1/3 to a maximum of 1/2, the rest of the fur is tortoiseshell or brindle.

For a description see the menu Standard-Color-Allocation.

In American organizations, tricolor is also called Calico and Dilute (d) called Calico.

  • Overall appearance of the cat,
    which should be harmonious and well proportioned in all races
  • torso
  • Legs and paws
  • tail
  • Neck,
    if not listed separately.

See also the Standard Rating Definitions menu.

UUpUmbilical herniaUmbilical hernia.
A thickening at the point of the abdomen where the umbilical cord was attached (called the umbilicus), which is caused by a weakening of the inner abdominal wall, so that the intestines can protrude into the abdominal wall.OverbiteWhen the upper protrudes over the lower jaw.UnderbiteWhen the upper jaw protrudes over the lower jaw.V.UpVelor (flocked)

See also brush.

A type of fur in Don Sphynx and Peterbald.
Don Sphynx and Peterbald are usually naked. But there is one type of fur that has a fine, short, soft down that you can feel - you can feel a certain resistance when you run your hand over the skin.dilutionSee Diluted.
Diluted colors.VibrissaeWhiskers and whiskers.
Vibrissae are found above the eyebrows, as whiskers and on the back of the forelegs.OvershotWhen the lower jaw protrudes over the upper jaw.W.UpWhite spotting

See also Piebald.

The white spots, which are caused by the Piebald spotting gene, are called white spotting.

See Bicolor, Tricolor, Piebald.

Wild spot

See also thumbprint.

The light spot on the back of the ears in all agouti varieties.XUpXiphisternumSword extension.
The lowest, smallest part of the three sections of the sternum.
The part is so named because the bone is shaped like a sword.