How are my playgrounds turned into artificial turf?
On this page you will find comprehensive information about the material and tools you will need when laying artificial turf. If you opt for artificial turf including professional installation by Galand Gartengestaltung OG, we will take the materials with us. Of course, the costs of these materials are then included in the offer price. If you are laying the artificial turf yourself, you will need to purchase all the materials and tools. You can find a few films on YouTube that illustrate the laying of artificial turf.
Tools for laying artificial turf
Not many tools are required to lay artificial turf. However, a sharp knife (carpet knife) is indispensable. Artificial turf comes in a rectangular shape and almost always has to be cut to size. The undercloth and / or the lower layer are also cut to size with a sharp knife.
You do not need any tools to glue the seams when using the self-adhesive tape. If you are working with separate glue and seam tape, you'll need an object to mix the adhesive and a spatula to use to apply the adhesive to the seam tape.
When spreading sand, an artificial turf specialist uses a special spreader that you as a private person will not buy yourself. In this case, the sand must be distributed by hand.
But it starts with the preparation of the subsurface.
Cloth under artificial turf
It is advisable to lay a pressure-distributing cloth under the artificial turf. This cloth offers several advantages: Firstly, it protects the foundation from damage when it is being laid, so that the foundation remains flat. Second, it offers additional protection against point loads after the artificial turf has been laid. And thirdly, the cloth protects against weeds and ants in the lawn. A pressure distributing cloth is a very worthwhile investment in view of the low additional price and the advantages.
Artificial grass with an underlayer
A soft underlayer can be placed under the artificial turf for additional comfort and security. This underlayer can consist of various materials, mostly recycled rubber or foam. A layer of foam is not always necessary. However, we recommend the use of a layer of foam for the safety of children if a playground is to be laid over a hard surface (cobblestones, concrete or asphalt). In the case of publicly used playgrounds, e.g. restaurants, day-care centers or schools, the foam layer is mandatory in most cases. Since a layer of foam can be very costly, you should do your research.
Adhesive tape for artificial grass
Several artificial turf strips or sheets are connected (glued) to one another with a seam tape. There are two different methods of doing this. A new development is the use of a self-adhesive tape that is rolled out under the artificial turf at the point where the seams have to be glued. Then peel off the foil and press the artificial turf firmly onto the tape. This self-adhesive tape has the advantage that it can be processed quickly, cleanly and easily.
Another method is to use glue and loose seam tape. The principle of the seam connection is the same. The seam tape is rolled out under the individual synthetic turf. Then apply the adhesive layer (glue) yourself with a spatula. The adhesive strength of this glue is very great. This method is recommended for heavily used artificial turf surfaces. When processing the glue, make sure that no glue drops drip onto the artificial turf, as they cannot simply be removed.
Bedding sand for artificial turf
Scattering the artificial turf surface after it has been rolled out is optional (except for some types of grass, which are always scattered with sand). The function of the sand is to weigh down the artificial turf mat. The sand gives stability and protects the back of the carpet during intensive use. The artificial turf mat is supported by its weight and no furrows or creases can form during use. In addition, the sand encloses the artificial turf fibers even better and ensures that they stay upright.
The litter sand must not be confused with 'earth'. The sand was specially developed for this application. Artificial turf interspersed with this sand is and remains an easy-care, clean surface. The sand does not contain any organic material and therefore does not provide a breeding ground for weeds. The sand does not store moisture, which means that it does not become muddy. After a rain shower, the lawn is quickly dry and clean again. The sand is 'heavy'. It does not blow out of the artificial turf surface and hardly sticks to the shoes even when stepping on the lawn.
For intensive use, for example as a play lawn for children, we always recommend sprinkling a thin layer of quartz sand. This benefits the lifespan of the lawn. The amount of sand strewn in depends on the product type (at least approx. 7 kg per m2). Make sure, however, that you choose the right type of sand (dried, round-grain silica sand), because not all sand is suitable.
Fixing artificial turf
When using bedding sand, as described above, it is not necessary to additionally fasten the artificial turf. The grass mat remains due to the weight of the sand. Even without sand, the artificial turf is often heavy enough that it remains in place without anchoring. Of course, usage plays a role. An artificial turf surface, which is primarily used for beautification, is less stressed than a play lawn for children.
However, it is important that the foundation (the subsurface for the artificial turf) is slightly lower than the edge. This will prevent you from getting caught behind the edge when stepping on the grassy area. If this does happen, it is advisable to anchor the grass on the side on which the lawn is tread with steel pins or flat tent pegs.
The situation is different with a balcony or roof terrace, where the wind can play a role. The advantage, however, is that you can possibly glue the artificial turf to the ground here. (Caution: Do not glue the artificial turf to the roofing felt without first consulting; this could damage the roof with the corresponding consequences.)
Laying artificial turf correctly
Carefully measure the surface and make a plan for laying the artificial turf. Pay attention to the least possible loss of cuts, the direction of the pile and the number of seams. The polar direction must be the same for all parts, for example in the direction of the terrace or the main building. A seam connection can never be completely hidden and may remain a little visible depending on how exactly you are working. Therefore, always choose an inconspicuous spot that is as far away from the terrace as possible!
- For the best result, the artificial turf must be laid on a surface that is stable, strong, even and sufficiently permeable to water.
- A geotextile can first be laid on the prepared subsurface, which separates the sub-structure from the artificial turf.
- The artificial turf is rolled out onto the geotextile.
- Trim the side margins to size, keeping a close eye on the contours of the end margin. The easiest way to trim artificial grass is on the reverse side.
- If the area is wider than 4 meters, you will have a seam. If a seam is required, trim the sides of the artificial grass mat neatly. Lay the artificial turf with the seams as close together as possible. Make sure that the individual pieces of artificial turf do not overlap anywhere and are no more than 4 millimeters apart.
- Optionally, the artificial turf can be sprinkled with sand. It is a type of quartz sand specially selected for this application. With intensive use, for example as a playground for children, we advise you to always sprinkle a thin layer. This has a positive effect on the service life of the product. The quartz sand is available from building material dealers and you can sprinkle it yourself. Spread evenly and brush with a broom. How much sand you need depends on the type of artificial turf.
- In principle, you can lay artificial turf loosely on the foundation. The grass mat remains in place due to the weight of the mat itself (3 kg / sqm). Therefore, it is not necessary to peg the edges of the grass into the ground unless the area is prone to damage. Fixing anchors are available.
- Your artificial turf surface is ready!
Artificial turf installation instructions
Laying artificial turf correctly is relatively easy for small areas. Here you will find laying instructions provided by Royal Grass: Royal_Grass_Verlegeanleitung
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