What turns legends into history

Knowledge pool
The Brothers Grimm - fairy tale collectors

fairy talelegendLegendfableFictitious
Folk tales = passed down orally
Art fairy tale = written by an authorHistorical references, passed down orally Historical references, "story to be read aloud" (close relationship to literary tradition)Fictitious, written by an author Space and timelessnessExact location and time information (high demand for reality)Exact location and time informationNo time or place information, as it is irrelevant for moralityAbolition of natural and causal laws (metamorphoses, speaking animals, appearance of mythical creatures, etc.)Partial repeal of natural and causal laws (appearance of mythical creatures), but clear separation of this and the other worldNo repeal of the natural and causal laws(Talking) animals act instead of peopleAction stereotypes (extract of the hero - probation - solution of the problem)Action / content is determined by the historical event on which the legend is based / should be basedThe plot / content is determined by the biography of the historical person on which the legend is basedDoctrine or morality as the bottom lineStereotypical locations (castle, forest, etc.) and props (magic mirror, ring, etc.)Real locationsReal locationsStereotypical characteristics of the characters (fox = clever, donkey = stupid, etc.)Typed, nameless persons (the king), common names (Hans, Gretel), speaking names (Snow White)People are often named by name, sometimes they just have names (a virgin, the pied piper, etc.)Individuals are namedAnimal designations instead of names (a fox, the raven, etc.)