Was laudanum legal in the late 1900s
Top 10 Most Popular Recreational Drugs
Recreational drug use is incredibly common around the world, often leading to disaster and crime. To solve this problem, some people advocate a liberal approach to legalization, while others support a strong government police force leading the war on the sale and use of drugs. This list shows ten of the most popular drugs in use today.10
Solvents are an extremely nasty class of abusive substances. Solvent abuse had become popular as drug use in the punk rock scene in the late 1970s. The industrial chemical nature of solvents, especially solvent glue, was a powerful expression of the punk vision. Other solvent inhalants include aerosols, nail polish, gas lighter, and gasoline.
The general availability of these products makes them popular with poor or destitute children around the world. For 10 cents, a street child in Casablanca, Morocco, can buy a small tube of bicycle repair glue that leads out of the world in which he lives and gives it a feeling of satisfaction and warmth. This story is known around the world and points to the depravity generally associated with solvent abusers. Often the glue is inhaled from a plastic bag, sometimes over the head. It's not hard to imagine how many times an unconscious user chokes on this process.9 psychedelic mushrooms
Psychedelic or hallucinogenic mushrooms have played an important role in society, culture and religion for millennia. There are more than 180 species of mushrooms that contain the psychedelics psilocybin or psilocin. They have a long history in Mexico and in tribal societies and are currently one of the most popular and widely available natural psychedelics. Psilocybin and psilocin are the psychoactive ingredients responsible for the hallucinatory state or "trip" that the user experiences about twenty minutes after consuming the mushrooms. The effect is similar to that of LSD, but more short-lived and is described in the section on LSD.
Some of these "magic mushrooms" are actually more toxic than hallucinogenic. Therefore, the right variety must be carefully selected. In fact, a rule of thumb among users is that you should never choose them without the accompaniment of someone who selected them beforehand. It is legal to take or possess mushrooms in the UK, but preparation, including drying or selling, is a criminal offense of drug abuse. In recent years, the Netherlands has made magic mushroom possession completely illegal, which may surprise people who are aware of the loose cannabis laws. Magic mushrooms can be dried, eaten fresh, boiled or made into a "tea".8
Opium, an ancient drug, has influenced the economies of nations, caused wars, inspired poets, and ruined many. Derived from the collected sap of the opium poppy (Papaver Somniferum), it has been cultivated since the Neolithic. As a source of seeds, the seeds have no narcotic effect, but are used as a spice, they have a mild nutty taste. In contrast, the juice collected from unripe seed pods has extremely potent narcotic properties. The plants are native to Greece and China and were grown in Egyptian, Roman and Minoan cultures. The juice is a highly addictive pain reliever that can be smoked or consumed. When dissolved in alcohol (commonly known as laudanum) it can be drunk.
Laudanum's greatest celebrity was the use of the romantic poets. Many of the Pre-Raphaelites (including Lord Byron, Shelly, and others) knew how to indulge. The image of the romantic poet, pale, sullen, drunk on absinthe and laudanum, is an ordinary image. It was freely available in Victorian times and slightly cheaper than gin and became a working class tip. It was generously prescribed for children who had teeth. Opium dens were popular in most 19th century cities. The patrons lay on their side with long wooden pipes, the bowl over a smoking ball of opium.7 LSD
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) is possibly the most powerful hallucinogenic drug known. It was discovered in 1938 by Albert Hoffman, a Swiss chemist, whose real purpose was to find a remedy for the common cold. To say the least, it has had a turbulent history. Iconic public figures have spoken out in favor of their use in the past: Hunter S Thompson, The Beatles, and Timothy Leary are notable proponents.
After 1-2 hours of taking the drug, visual awareness is increased, sounds are amplified, emotions and physical sensations are changed. The self-image of the user and his interaction with people or objects, their concept of reality is usually called into question. Strange visual stimuli that may comfort or frighten the user may be at risk of irrational fear, paranoia, confusion, or panic. Likewise, some people do not appear to have wonderful experiences with any of these symptoms.6
Barbiturates / benzodiazepines
This is the first entry on our list that is a prescription drug. There is a wide variety of drugs that fall into the downers category. This is the street name that is common. Barbiturates have been around since the 19th century, derived from barbituric acid, and there have been hundreds of derivatives over the years. In psychiatry and psychiatric hospitals, violent or disturbed patients were often sedated. A hypnotic and anxiolytic, often used to knock a patient unconscious before a real anesthetic, they create a sense of calm and relaxation in the abuser, both physically and mentally, leading to a high level of dependence.
Barbiturates have largely been replaced by benzodiazepines. A newer range of tranquilizers first introduced as the Librium in the 1950s. Valium followed soon after with Mogadon Ativan, Frisium and Temazepam. Safer than barbiturates, benzo soon gained popularity and the sedative culture was born. Withdrawal from benzo addiction is extremely troubling to the patient and noticeably bad for the doctor to witness. It has been said that it is worse than withdrawing from opiates.5 amphetamines
Amphetamines are a group of stimulants that work by affecting the amount of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. They generally create a feeling of euphoria, mental concentration and resilience against physical fatigue. They were used medicinally as appetite suppressants, to treat ADHD in adults and children, and by the military during World War II. The most common street name for amphetamines is "speed" due to the increased energy displayed by users. This made it extremely popular in nightclubs in the 1970s and in subsequent rave music culture in the 1990s.
It was originally widely available in America as Benzedrine, an inhalation drug that was available without a prescription until its use was controlled by the FDA in 1965. Previously, the German military had used it in a relaxing and strategic way during the Second World War, Adolph Hitler was given a daily injection of amphetamines and vitamins.4
Ecstasy, or MDMA, which is closely linked to the use of amphetamines (from which it is derived), was originally used as a psychotherapeutic drug. It is a psychedelic drug that induces euphoria and well-being, decreased anxiety and anxiety, and a physically stimulating and sensational effect in users. It is illegal in most countries and is one of the most widely used illegal drugs in the world.
It is taken orally or smelled as a powder. Users can have bad reactions to the drug, and in the early years of its use as a recreational drug, there have been many cases of first-time users dying without overdosing. If users exert themselves too much, there is a risk of dehydration and death or disease resulting from it. Many of the MDMA factories on the back streets use tainted processes and poor pharmacological techniques, and pose great danger to the people who make the drug as well as the users.3 cocaine
Cocaine, made from the coca plant, has been used in one form or another for over a thousand years. Native to South America, it has been chewed as a leaf by the Peruvian Indians for centuries. It is a powerful stimulant, appetite suppressant, and anesthetic. In the Victorian era, many over the counter medicines contained cocaine for babies and children, especially if they were bitten.
For the first twenty years of its production, Coca Cola contained cocaine, but the laws that controlled it in the early 1900s prohibited its ingestion. It was generally a rich male drug through its social uses, although the use of crack cocaine, a modified version of the original powdered form, prepared as "stone" or "stone" and smoked in pipes, has lowered its use on street level.2
Arguably the most insidious of all drugs, heroin or diamorphine, is a derivative of morphine, an opiate that was first used as an alternative to morphine because it was found to be less addicting. The name heroin is a brand name for diamorphines and was used by the pharmaceutical company Bayer in the mid-19th century. It is an extremely powerful pain reliever, and users experience elation, euphoria, and well-being. It can be smoked, smelled, or sprayed.
The heroin withdrawal effects are pretty dire, and it's virtually impossible to tell a non-user how bad it really is. Symptoms of withdrawal include physical pain, nausea, stomach cramps and diarrhea, tremors, and an intense need for the sedative effects of the drug. Very few people can cope with the withdrawal. As a result, those affected will commit crimes to fund their next drug purchase.1 cannabis
The most popular of all recreational drugs, cannabis or marijuana, weed, hemp, weed, pot, hash, dope, or a variety of regional names, has been grown for thousands of years. Originating in various forms from the cannabis plants Cannabis Indica or Cannabis Sativa, it is native to Central Asia, but its cultivation and use are global. It's a psychoactive and a psychedelic. It can be smoked as leaves or flower buds, it can be crushed to isolate the crystallized sap and then pressed into a solid, or the resin is extracted by collecting through contact with the sticky parts of the plant.
The effects are pretty immediate, a slightly drunk but euphoric feeling. Depending on the route of administration and the strength and amount of the dose, it can be mild or strong. It's generally not debilitating unless, as with anything else, it's overdone and it can cause mental confusion, most of which is temporary.
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