What are the main focuses of ergonomics
Ergonomics is the study of human work. Simply put, ergonomics is about customizing the work, i.e. H.
- the work equipment
- work organization as well as
- the working environment on people (humane work).
Ergonomics is an interdisciplinary science. Experts from a wide variety of specialist disciplines at the DGUV and the accident insurance carriers cover the broad spectrum of ergonomics.
In the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the humane organization of work is expressly mentioned as an important operational task. The treatment of ergonomic issues has always been of high relevance for statutory accident insurance.
Economic and social change
With the change in the world of work (increase in musculoskeletal complaints due to sedentary activities, changed demands on mental performance, etc.), demographic development and the more flexible work (working anywhere at any time), ergonomic ones are also changing Focus.
Research, training and advice
In order to meet these challenges, the German Statutory Accident Insurance conducts intensive applied research in its institutes IFA and IAG.
The Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the DGUV has an ergonomics laboratory and a laboratory for researching the human-machine interface. Scientists in the disciplines of medicine, biomechanics, sports science, biology, engineering, physics and social sciences conduct applied research on ergonomic work design in cooperation with numerous national and international ergonomic research institutions and in close cooperation with accident insurance institutions. The results of the research projects flow directly into practical action aids for companies or are put into practice in company consultations. In addition, ergonomic measurement methods are developed at the IFA, which ergonomics experts from the accident insurance institutions can then use to optimize work processes directly in everyday operations. Ergonomic measurement data are centrally archived in IFA databases and are available for research in prevention, but also in occupational disease identification procedures.
The focus of the Institute for Work and Health of the DGUV (IAG) in the field of ergonomics is on workplace design for older employees and the topic of healthy working hours. The last-mentioned topic is closely related to the influence of non-visual effects - for example during night and shift work - of light on health. The focus is always on the transfer of scientific knowledge into practice. To support this transfer there are so-called practice areas in the IAG. In them, practical questions are examined and answered in seminars and during advice for companies and accident insurers. Among other things, sample workplaces in the assembly (PDF, 153 KB) and office (PDF, 128 KB) areas show that ergonomically well-designed workplaces already make a significant contribution to prevention for all generations, including older workers.
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