Why should your children get a musical education

With musical education into a successful future

Rebecca Döllner

Music can support the development of kindergarten and kindergarten children on various levels from an early stage of life. In addition to language development and coordination, it also promotes children's creativity and helps them to remember what they have learned.

Music also offers the unique opportunity to connect people. She does not differentiate between age, origin or level of education of those involved - music is a wordless world language that everyone speaks. Even if someone does not understand the lyrics of a song, they can be touched by the melody and partake of it by clapping or humming. Singing or making music together is an ideal opportunity to integrate immigrant and refugee children into the group. Music creates emotional balance, promotes a feeling for language and listening, conveys security and joie de vivre and helps to develop a sense of community.

As the results of the socio-economic panel of DIW Berlin show, music promotes long-term educational success for children. Young people who have had music lessons since their early childhood can show significantly better school grades on average. Children from socially disadvantaged families in particular benefit from early musical education. In terms of their academic performance, they clearly stand out from their peers, who come from similar family circumstances.

The main reason for this lies in the promotion of executive functions through music. Inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility are trained through music and create the basis for a successful school and adult life.

Executive functions - the basis for successful learning

Inhibition or self-regulation describes above all the ability to have one's own emotions under control. However, attention control, i.e. staying focused and not being distracted by internal or external impulses, also falls into this area. If the self-regulation is sufficiently developed, it is much easier for children to concentrate later on over a longer period of time. Social behavior is also better developed.

Short-term storage of information is hidden behind working memory. Its capacity and the length of time for which the information remains available in the head can be trained. A strong working memory promotes good mental arithmetic and faster language learning. In addition, work instructions are easier to understand and children can concentrate better on the essentials by ignoring unimportant intermediate results or aspects.

Cognitive flexibility simply describes the ability to adapt quickly to new conditions and to empathize with the perspective of others. This is particularly important when it comes to adapting to new living conditions, for example.

Targeted promotion of executive functions prevents mental disorders - such as ADD / ADHD or borderline syndrome - and can also be used for therapeutic purposes.

Music that makes you smart: Fex makes music

Fex stands for "promotion of executive functions" and is a play and learning concept that arose from the collaboration between the ZNL Transfer Center for Neurosciences and Learning at Ulm University and Wehrfritz GmbH.

The game collection Fex makes music includes numerous musical exercises to promote executive functions in the areas of singing, rhythm and hearing. It combines the advantages of music education with the essential promotion of executive functions and can be easily integrated into the daily routine in day-care centers.

Musical project idea to promote executive functions

To the content of Fex makes music Also includes a CD with 18 songs. The teacher sings the following song to the children.

"There is a little kite running
in the morning to school.
He's got the satchel
forgot his shoes. "

Then the children sing the song and clap to the rhythm. The game master inserts four of the picture cards enclosed with the game into the given text passages and holds them up at the appropriate positions. The children have to react quickly and incorporate the word shown on the card into the lyrics of the song. This results in, for example: "A little is running Hare in the morning to school. "The previously agreed dance moves, which were assigned to the various cards, must be done at the same time.

Since the children not only have to memorize the lyrics but also the movements, this game trains their working memory. Attention and concentration are required so that they don't sing wrongly or miss a picture card. They also train their flexibility, coordination and speed of reaction.

To increase the difficulty of this game, additional picture cards can be used or the meaning of the individual cards can be swapped, so that the children have to sing or dance with the dragon card "Hare" and with the hare card "Dragon".

You can find further suggestions and products for children in music education or the promotion of executive functions at wehrfritz.de.

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Wehrfritz has been a full-service provider for day nurseries and kindergartens for over 75 years. The range includes innovative furniture, room concepts, outdoor play equipment and selected play and learning materials.